Residual fuel oil
Also known as: resid, No. 6 fuel oil, heavy fuel oil, 6 oil
The primary end use for residual fuel oil is as a fuel in simple furnaces such as power plants and industrial boilers. It is also the primary fuel used on ocean-going ships, where it is called bunker fuel.
Nonetheless, residual fuel oil has some quality specifications that it must meet, for performance and environmental reasons. The most important are:
- Viscosity - This is a measure of a fluid's tendency to resist flow. Lower viscosity is more desirable
- Sulfur content - Fuel oil has a maximum sulfur content determined by environmental concerns. This is typically set as a maximum sulfur content in wt %.
Residual fuel oil is the heaviest among a range of different fuel oil grades.